Update : 2017년 11월 20일

- Sony’s Revival
- Will India Manage ...
- How Japan Should R...
- 3 Simple Steps to ...
- Can the Japanese L...
- Western Perspectiv...
- Junior High School...
- 评价美中元首Ê...

일본어로 수학 가르치는 일원 상록 학습관

hold on Korea Society


국제 금융 浦沙短筆
은화 1 불 vs 책 한 권
히로미의 사설보기
정부의 “대기 아동 제로” 새...
速 종합 격투기 통신
UFC 챔피언 생피에르, 최고...
게일 킴 핫라인
Overview of and ...
Here's What Happened
Risk to Globalis...
재일교포 그리고 일본
재일교포 이야기
Bold English
Go by the book
공격수 아데바요르, 레알 완전...
Asia Pacific Yard
"Night Schools" ...
일본인에게 영어를
일본 산의 매력
어느 바텐더의 날들
한지붕 두나라
일본을 떠날 때까지
평범녀의 빌린 인생
무라카미 류
민주주의 상징 김대중
70년 대선, 박정희와의 한판...
각양각색 동북아 소식
일본항공, 아메리칸 에어라인과...
Movie Craze
(Old) Sex and th...
The 힐링여행 SOUM숨
머리가 지끈거리면서 아플 때
자전거 일본 여행기
무소의 뿔처럼 혼자서 가라!

세계가 보는 일본

flag counters

닛산, 출하 전 품질검사에 무...
디지털 데이터 유통, 산업간 ...
인공지능 로봇 전문 매장, 도...
가시와자키 가리와 원전, 도쿄...
학부 대학원 5년, 새로운 법...
일본 방문 여행객 인당 지출 ...
문신은 일본에서 여전히 의료행...
일본적십자사, 피난민 로힝야족...
웨이보, 정부 비판 게시글 감...
인구 과소 지자체에서 “의회”...

International NJSave up to 70% on your next stay with Hotelclub.com
Spain in front of a historic crossroad [ 2016.02.16 ]

[NewsJapan.net] For more than 40 years in the political arena of Spain two parties had been dominating, the People’s Party and the PSOE Party (Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party), which alternated in power. The last catalytic elections of December 20, 2015 resulted in a significant weakening of these traditional political forces and the emergence of new antiregime parties. Thus, the People’s Party of Mariano Rajoy got the lowest percentages since 1993 (28.72% of votes and 123 seats out of the 350 of the Parliament, compared to 44.6% of the votes and 186 seats in 2011), while the PSOE Party of Pedro Sanchez recorded the worst result in its history (22% of the votes and 90 seats, compared to 28.73% of the votes and 110 seats in the previous elections of 2011).

The emergence of the left party Podemos of Pablo Iglesias – product of the so-called movement of the “Indignant” – and of the center-right party Ciudadanos of Albert Rivera (which was supported by some mass media), in the third and fourth place respectively with high percentages (20.6% of the votes and 69 seats and 14% of the votes and 40 seats), shows the end of the forty-year-old two-party system and marks a new period for Spain.

This result, of course, is due largely to the economic crisis in Europe. The anti-popular austerity policy which was faithfully implemented by the government of Mariano Rajoy in the past four years, combined with a corruption scandal regarding his party, transformed the party map of Spain and led to the emergence of a new four-party political scene.

The new parliamentary reality, where no party has an absolute majority, leads inevitably either to a coalition government that the majority of Spaniards seems to prefer or to new elections. After four years of governance with strong majority, Spain is now facing the prospect of some kind of political instability that torments the other European countries as well, since the fragile government coalitions and the traditional parties that dominated the political scene for decades, feel strongly the pressing effects of the years of economic hardship and the growing wave of immigration.

The new Spanish government, whenever it may occur, with or without new elections, shall immediately be confronted with very serious problems and challenges. Although this European economy came out of the recession and entered the road to recovery, it will take several years, without regressions, to recover the lost ground. Otherwise, if the Spanish economy gets into reverse mode again, this precarious recovery will resemble the suspended step of the stork.

The country is beset by the second highest unemployment rate (21.18%) in the Euro-zone following Greece, and the unemployed Spaniards are more than five million. Poverty increases on a daily basis and threatens to disintegrate the social web of the country. “Poverty is the worst form of violence” once Mahatma Gandhi declared. With the applied vast neoliberal policies the gap between the rich and the poor is constantly growing. In 2013, 22.2% of the households, based on the most recent data of the National Statistics Institute (INE) of Spain, lived below the poverty line, i.e. their income was less than 60% of the mean national disposable income. Many people are living today without heating and without electric power, countless families face eviction and have no other residence (34.680 first houses, that is 95 a day, were confiscated in 2014 by the banks to be sold, according to the INE), many pensioners cannot pay for their medicines. Also, more than one in three children - or 2.6 million – are now faced with the risk of poverty and social exclusion, according to the most recent data of the European Commission. The high percentages of the long-term unemployed combined with the drastic cuts in expenditures on health and education have led more families and children to poverty in spite of the financial recovery.

The public debt is continuously showing an upward trend and based on the latest official figures, is at 98.8% of the GDP, approaching the high level of 100% of the GDP that reached or exceeded in the years 1900 and 1909. The “informal economy” is estimated at 25% of the GDP, i.e. 235 billion Euros that have not been declared, thereby depriving the Spanish State from some very substantial financial resources.

Meanwhile, the new Spanish government shall have to tackle the urgent issue of Catalonia. The election of the separatist Carles Puigdemont, who shall be responsible for starting the process of independence, to the presidency of Catalonia, is a resounding wake-up. “We need to commence the process to create an independent State in Catalonia, so that the decisions of the Catalan Parliament are sovereign”, he declared on Sunday 10th January 2016, under the cheering of the Members, only hours before the Catalan Parliament elected him head of the local government and successor Artur Mas.

The direct consequences of the unilateral declaration of independence of Catalonia, which is the richest region of Spain with a product of about 200 billion Euros, shall undoubtedly be extremely painful: without Catalonia, Spain shall lose 16% of its population, 25% of its exports, and 19% of its GDP according to the OECD.
More than 586,000 companies are based in Catalonia – out of those 2,150 large companies employing more than 200 workers each, such as Gas Natura and the giant of garments Mango. In Catalonia there is the factory of the Volkswagen group as well producing cars of the brand Seat.

Besides, Barcelona is by far the first tourist destination across the country and one of the leading worldwide, with net proceeds from the arrival and stay of tourists reaching tremendous heights. Meanwhile, both in the commercial and the industrial sector, Barcelona is perhaps the most fundamental pillar of the Spanish economy.
The tendency of Catalonia for independence, this should be emphasized at this point, was born and acquired gigantic dimensions due to the austerity policies imposed by Brussels and mainly Berlin on Spain and of course throughout the Euro-zone. This is the main reason why the Catalans want to become at least autonomous. They want to have their own laws and their taxes not to go to Madrid to pay the austerity programmes. The reasons for the apparent break-up are therefore primarily financial.

In conclusion, the extreme austerity policies have hurt obviously and heavily Spain, like other countries in the Euro-zone. Therefore it is needed by the new Spanish government, which will be faced with a historic crossroad, to formulate a very clear progressive policy that will be built upon the re-examination of the Constitution, the direction of specific popular social reforms, the inhibition of uncontrolled privatization suffering, among other things, from issues of transparency, and the protection of the first housing to low income groups. The effective combat against tax evasion and financial crime is also needed, as well as the appropriate restructuring of the production model and the significant easing of major structural imbalances, such as unemployment, budget deficits, and the public debt.

Isidoros Karderinis

About the author
Isidoros Karderinis was born in Athens, Greece in 1967. He is a novelist, poet and economist with postgraduate studies in tourist economy. His articles have been republished in newspapers, magazines and sites worldwide. His poems have been translated in French and have been published in literary magazines. He has published seven books of poetry and two novels. Five of which have been published in the USA and in Great Britain.

대한민국 유일의 일본 뉴스 전문 매체- 뉴스재팬 (NewsJapan.net)

< Copyrights (C) 뉴스재팬 / www.newsjapan.net 무단전재 및 재배포 금지 >
Facebook Share / 페이스북 공유
To E-mail / 기사 메일송신 | To Print Out / 기사 출력

  • Unexpectedly Surprisingly The Most Popular News >>   의외로 가장 많이 읽혀진 뉴스
“Ask a Pediatrician” baby workshop
木育(mokuiku) Nature it is
Tokyo Sky Tree opens
To deal with adversity, Japanese companies...
"Night Schools" in the Affected Area Start...
Save pets in Fukushima
All Nuke Reactors Shut Down
Dance course becomes compulsory curriculum...
Enjoy Exciting PiFan with Ha Seon Park, th...
전설의 프로레슬러, 스팅(Sting) 단독 인터뷰
최경량 월드챔프, 레이 미스테리오 단독 인터뷰
NO.1 아나운서 후나키, 타지리 일본행 만족
WWE 차세대 기대주, 바비 레슐리 단독 인터뷰
프로레슬링 디바, 크리스탈 단독 인터뷰
일본 대학생, '아이팟으로 출첵!'
후속탐사기 개발착수, 생명의 기원 규명 다가서
미 코니스, 10GB 초소형 하드디스크 개발
토미오카 공장의 세계문화유산 등재, 내수 활성화로
한국인은 사람, 일본인은 도깨비... 빨간 도깨비
비밀번호 * 삭제시 필요합니다.(4~6자이내)
타인의 명예를 훼손하거나 개인정보를 유출하는 등 법률에 위반되는 글은 삼가하여 주시기 바랍니다. 게시물에 대한 민형사상의 법적인 책임은 게시자에게 있으며 운영자에 의해 삭제되거나 관련 법률에 따라 처벌 받을 수 있습니다.
글쓰기전 최종체크
주간 베스트 뉴스

exclusive image

뉴스재팬 소개 / About Us  |   광고 제휴 / Advertisements  |   만드는 사람들 / Staffs  |   By Other Presses                                                                              시작페이지로  |   즐겨찾기로

NPO 法人 |   Incorporated Non Profit Org. Answer Asia / 비영리기구 앤서아시아 (아시아의 평화와 우호를 생각하는 모임)
Main Spot |   アンサ一アジア ヘッドオフィス is located at Takajukacho Hirakata Osaka Japan
K Spot |   Alternative School is at #126 F1 Sangroksu Apt Mall Ilwonbondong Gangnamgu Seoul Korea
T Spot |   PR Place is at Soi Vuthiphan Rachaprarop Rd. Rajathevee Bangkok Thailand
Contact |   E-mail : newsjapanet@gmail.com | Need a phone number? Email first | Very active from the year of 2005
          Copyright ⓒ 2004 ~ 2017 NewsJapan.net. All rights reserved. Contact newsjapanet@gmail.com for more information. admin